The EU bids farewell to the incandescent era LED lights and energy-saving lamps

The EU bids farewell to the incandescent era LED lights and energy-saving lamps

August 31, 2012 is the deadline for the total ban on incandescent bulbs in the EU. From the large supermarkets and electrical stores in Brussels, which were visited on September 1st, it was found that the low-wattage (40 watts or less) incandescent lamps previously installed on the shelves of the lamps have disappeared. Instead, various new energy-saving lamps have been replaced. .

The EU's total ban on incandescent bulbs marks the official farewell of the European Union for more than 100 years in the "Edison era." As early as March 2007, the European Commission proposed a policy proposal to phase out incandescent lamps by the end of 2012. In March 2009, the European Commission officially passed a decree to phase out incandescent lamps. The decree proposes a specific plan for phase-out of incandescent lamps: from September 1, 2009, it is forbidden to sell more than 100 watts of incandescent bulbs. From September 1, 2010, more than 75 watts of incandescent bulbs must be withdrawn from the market. Incandescent bulbs of more than 60 watts from September 1, 2011 will not be available. From September 1, 2012, 40 watts and 25 watts of incandescent bulbs will be banned. With the advent of September 1, 2012, traditional incandescent bulbs officially died in the EU, completely withdrawing from the EU market.

Related tests have shown that only 5% of the energy of incandescent bulbs is used for lighting, and the remaining 95% of the electricity is converted into heat and wasted, so it is inevitable that it will be eliminated. The EU bans the use of incandescent bulbs primarily to save energy and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. According to the results of the EU study, if all the incandescent bulbs currently used in EU member states are converted into energy-efficient bulbs with higher energy efficiency, the annual savings of the EU can be used in Romania for one year, and at least 15 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions per year can be reduced. . If EU member states can fully implement the use of energy-saving lamps, they will save 80 billion kWh by the end of 2020. According to estimates by the European Commission, the elimination of incandescent bulbs can reduce the expenditure of up to 50 euros per family in the EU, and the entire EU can save up to 10 billion euros. Although the decision to ban the sale of incandescent light bulbs in the EU has caused some doubts at the beginning of the implementation, the environmental protection organizations and consumer rights protection organizations have fully affirmed this practice of the EU, and believe that the overall effect of the EU ban on the sale of incandescent bulbs is positive and eliminated. Energy-intensive incandescent lamps help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and protect the environment.

The delisting of incandescent lamps means the expansion of the new energy-saving lamp market. Nowadays, among the energy-saving lamps in the EU, LED lamps (light-emitting diode lamps) and energy-saving lamps (ie compact fluorescent lamps) have become the two main lighting tools with high cost performance.

With the exit of incandescent bulbs, energy-saving lamps quickly occupied a large share of the EU market. At present, the biggest choice for consumers in the EU lighting market is energy-saving lamps. The energy-saving lighting energy conversion rate in the EU market can exceed 50%, the lamp life is long, and the price cost is higher than that of the incandescent bulb, but lower than the LED lamp. However, the energy-saving lamps also have some defects. When the lights are turned on, the luminous efficiency is low, and the illumination is not as good as the incandescent bulbs or the LED lamps. The biggest drawback of energy-saving lamps is that they contain traces of mercury. Experts from the European Union reminded consumers that if the energy-saving lamps in the room were broken, the room should be ventilated for 30 minutes and quickly left the room, and then the pieces should be collected with a damp cloth or tape as special garbage. Because energy-saving light bulbs contain trace amounts of mercury, discarded energy-saving light bulbs need to be disposed of as special waste.

In contrast, in the evaluation of various luminaires by relevant professional institutions in the European Union, the comprehensive score of LED lights is often among the best. LED lamps have the advantages of high energy-saving efficiency, good environmental protection effect, long service life, beautiful appearance and high luminous efficiency when the lamp is turned on. Therefore, it has won the favor of consumers and has broad market prospects. Compared with traditional incandescent lamps, LED lamps can save up to 90%. At present, LED lamps sold in the EU market are relatively high in price, but their lifespan is 25 times longer than incandescent lamps. LED industry analysts pointed out that after the LED industry has succeeded in the mobile phone and TV industry, it has begun to enter the lighting market. With the advancement of technology, the production cost of LED lamps will decrease, and the price of LED lamps will also be lowered. The average annual reduction rate can reach 30%. According to a research report published by McKinsey, LED lamps with a current price of 20 euros will fall below 3 euros by 2020. Experts predict that with the decline in the production cost of LED lamps, this high-tech bulb will enter mass production next year, which will bring additional energy-saving effects and economic benefits.

At present, the real competition in the EU lighting market is mainly between energy-saving lamps and LED lamps. Experts in the EU lighting industry believe that although the energy-saving lamps are inferior to the LED lamps in the relevant evaluation data, they are obviously superior to the LED lamps in terms of production process maturity, early investment and price cost. From the perspective of EU market sales and energy saving and emission reduction requirements, energy-saving lamps are expected to be the best alternative to incandescent lamps in the near future. However, from the perspective of long-term development, the various advantages of LED lights are self-evident, and it is likely to replace energy-saving lamps as the protagonist of the future world lighting market.

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